Since he gave an affirmative answer to this dilemma, we will proceed to consideration of the third point.
And because of these limits, Socrates is not truly contradicting himself in the Apology and the Crito because he has limitations in mind in the Crito which makes the two positions not applicable to each other.
Lawbreaking is unjust, while observance of laws is just, because 2. Because of his decision, he became one of the cult figures in the history of philosophy, a man of intact moral integrity who had made his final decision according to the very same principles that guided his entire life.
The laws of Athens were absolutely just, for him as well as for all those Athenians who had not left the city. This lawlessness is a consequence of a procedural defect: Therefore, it is quite strange that the myth about his decision as just and morally correct could hold up for so long.
The laws of Athens are just, even if the legitimacy of laws in general can be questioned. On the other Socrates moral obligation to civil law, blindly accepting the law under any circumstance is the very definition of a totalitarian state.
Socrates agreed to obey the laws. The conclusion that Socrates drew from the premises is sound only if the premises themselves are true, and that is why their soundness must be examined first. He is not shy of owning up to his mistake and he encourages the personal mettle of any soul who is devoted to finding the truth and then up holding that truth.
The speech of the "Laws" is more conventional. I do not think that it refers to all citizens of Athens, but only to judges, court executives, prison wardens and other representatives of the legal and executive power. He then qualifies this by illustrating that lawfulness is not always equal to virtuousness, and explaining how to remain virtuous without damaging the authority of the law.
Eventually, he came to argue that by rejecting his sentence and by trying to escape from prison he would commit unjust and morally unjustified acts. It is clear, then, that Socrates never intended to break any laws, and certainty not with any political objectives that King might have envisioned.
I will obey the god rather than you Apology 29d It is impossible for me to keep quiet because that means disobeying the god Apology 38a Socrates repeatedly claims in the Apology that to practice philosophy was enjoined upon him by the god. Socrates never intentionally broke Athenian laws, he was charged with crimes that he was not aware he was committing and he even argues against committing those crimes to the Athenian court instead of simply accepting the penalty for those crimes.
But wording it cleverly is not merely motivated by trying to save Socrates or Plato from contradiction; recognizing the nuances is not ad hoc. In choosing death, Socrates is honoring his ties to Athens and Athenian law, not creating subversion and dissent in the general population that civil disobedience intends to achieve.
Crito offered him an easy escape but instead he went to his legally mandated death despite believing that the conviction and sentence were wrong.
As the text reveals, his friend Crito proposes to Socrates that he escape from prison. We also noted a similarity between Socrates and King: Despite the authority of the law, Socrates mentions more than once in the Crito that an individual, "must obey the commands of one's city and country or persuade it as to the nature of justice," Crito 51c.
You are wrong, sir, if you think that a man who is any good at all should take into account the risk of life or death; he should look to this only in his actions, that what he does is right or wrong, whether he is acting like a good or a bad man.
Escape from prison is an unjust and therefore morally unacceptable act. In fact, we are dealing here more with an empirical expectation than with a logical principle, and we might as well say that the acceptance of unjust verdicts leads to perversion of the legal system and state.
He had only to respect just verdicts, because otherwise he would have broken the law to which he had obliged himself. From the beginning he takes the speech of the "Laws" to be "a palmary example" of true or philosophical rhetoric p.
Martin Luther King Jr. Apology 19a I leave it to you and the god to judge me in the way that will be best for me and you. In a functioning democratic society, individuals get the opportunity to persuade the governing authority that the In fact, Socrates did not make a clear distinction between substantial and procedural justice.
In the Apology, Socrates clearly declares: We spent the bulk of our time talking about exactly how to characterize the disobedience that King had in mind.
Apology 28b Wherever a man has taken a position that he believes to be best, or has been placed by his commander, there he must I think remain and face danger, without a thought for death or anything else, rather than disgrace.
The legalization of difference against a minority is a key component in order to necessitate the practice of civil disobedience against an unjust law. If the citizen remained, it was assumed that he agreed with the existing laws. Athenian courts did not rigorously mark off findings of fact from findings of law; there was no judge to give the jury clear standards against which to set the facts.
They are refreshingly original in every way.
Thus, Kelsen explicitly states that "legal norms can have any content whatsoever. Should one obey the law just because it is the law?socrates' moral obligation to civil law In the Crito, Socrates gives an explanation about why he must remain in his jail cell and accept his sentence by using moral reasoning.
The most important facet in his argument is the claim (which the interlocutor Crito quickly agrees to) that it is never justified to do evil. “A just law is a man made code that square with the moral law or the law of God. law to show the injustice of a law, Socrates could not have acted in civil disobedience.
his obligation. What are Socrates' views on the relation between moral, political and legal obligation? Should one obey the law just because it is the law? Should one obey the law just because it is the law?
What does Socrates think? What do you think?. right,' it does not follow that humans have a moral obligation to obey professional codes, law. Socrates on legal obligation Socrates’s understanding of legal obligation rests a lot on analogies with personal morality.
He holds that there are two reasons why we are obliged to obey the laws. What are Socrates' views on the relation between moral, political and legal obligation?
Should one obey the law just because it is the law? What does Socrates think?
What do you think?. right,' it does not follow that humans have a moral obligation to obey professional codes, law, religious ethics.
Do we have an obligation to obey any law, no matter how unjust or evil, provided only that it is in fact a valid rule of the legal system in which we happen to be physically located? In the following composition, I am going to examine the answer to this question in accordance to what Socrates believes.Download