Moreover, many patriots viewed the destruction of tea as an act of vandalism that put the Revolution in a bad light. The radicals found allies in the formerly conservative business community.
According to Whigs, colonists could only be taxed by their own colonial assemblies. In New York and Philadelphia, opposition to the Act resulted in the return of tea delivered there back to Britain.
The American consumption of smuggled tea hurt the finances of the East India Company, which was already struggling through economic hardship. In Britain, even those politicians considered friends of the colonies were appalled and this act united all parties there against the colonies. Colonial resistance intensified until, three years after Parliament passed the Tea Act, the colonies declared their independence as the United States of America.
Background[ edit ] In the s and early s, the East India Company had been required to sell its tea exclusively in London on which it paid a duty which averaged two shillings and six pence per pound. This act placed duties on a number of goods imported into the colonies, including tea, glass, paper and paint.
Declawed and simplified, the event loses not only its revolutionary punch but also its political and economic context. Colonists in Philadelphia and New York turned the tea ships back to Britain. In September and Octoberseven ships carrying East India Company tea were sent to the colonies: Parliament enacted the Boston Port Actwhich closed Boston Harbor until the dumped tea was paid for.
By allowing the East India Company to sell tea directly in the American colonies, the Tea Act cut out colonial merchants, and the prominent and influential colonial merchants reacted with anger.
Their first meeting was on September 5, and their first measure was to issue a Declaration of Rights and Grievances agreeing to boycott British goods. The quality of the smuggled tea did not match the quality of the dutiable East Indian Tea of which the Americans boughtpounds per year.
Before the Boston Tea Party occurred, the colonies did not agree with the decision to impose the Tea Act. Consignees who were to receive the tea and arrange for its local resale were generally favorites of the local governor who was royally appointed in South CarolinaNew Yorkand Massachusettsand appointed by the proprietors in Pennsylvania.
Lindsay Johnson Before the Act, smugglers importedpounds of cheap foreign tea a year.
The act granted the EIC a monopoly on the sale of tea that was cheaper than smuggled tea; its hidden purpose was to force the colonists to pay a tax of 3 pennies on every pound of tea. The Company was no longer required to sell its tea at the London Tea Auction. What irked the patriots was that they had no role in the decision.
Cargoes of tea filled the harbor, and the British ship's crews were stalled in Boston looking for work and often finding trouble.
Parliament closed the port of Boston and revoked the Massachusetts charter, denying citizens the rights they had enjoyed for a century and a half.
In any case, emotions are running high, and a sense of gloom is encompassing Massachusetts, and other colonies in America.Free Online Textbooks.
The mission of Independence Hall Association, owner of cheri197.com, is to provide a forum for learning and. Tea Act (13 Geo 3 c 44) was an Act of the Parliament of Great cheri197.com principal objective was to reduce the massive amount of tea held by the financially troubled British East India Company in its London warehouses and to help the financially struggling company survive.
A related objective was to undercut the price of illegal tea, smuggled. The Quartering Act (May 15, ) The colonists disputed the legality of this Act because it seemed to violate the Bill of Rights of British officers who had fought in the French and Indian War found it hard to persuade colonial assemblies to pay for quartering and provisioning of their troops.
During the colonial years, the colonists faced obstacles that were a consequence of the colonist’sreactions, one of them being the Tea Act. The Tea Acts was passed by the British parliament in The British gives the East India Company special concessions in the colonial tea business an.
The Tea Act, passed by Parliament on May 10,would launch the final spark to the revolutionary movement in Boston. The act was not intended to raise revenue in the American colonies, and in fact imposed no new taxes.
In response to the Tea Act oflevying taxes on tea imported to the American colonies by the British East India Company, American colonists seized tea shipments and tossed them into the Boston harbor on December 16,an event remembered as the Boston Tea Party.Download